What does it mean when it comes to parasites in the human body? In medicine, parasites are called various pathogenic micro- and macro-organisms that, like parasites, are inside or outside their host and receive good nutrition from it.
These parasites include a large family of pathogens causing infectious, somatic and parasitic diseases in humans: worms (worms), viruses, fungi, insects, bacteria, protozoa, rickettsiae and others.
Parasitic diseases in humans are caused by arthropods, helminths, multicellular parasites and protozoa - plasmodia, lamblia, trichomonas and toxoplasma.
The mechanism of transmission of pathogens of parasitic diseases
Parasites from the external environment get into the human body in various ways. For example, helminths enter the digestive tract from dirty hands, poorly washed vegetables, greens, berries, and fruits. After introducing some or other parasites into the body, a person begins to suffer from ascariasis, toxocariasis, enterobiasis, echinococcosis, alveococcosis. In the environment, parasite larvae and eggs can often be found in water or soil contaminated with feces.
At low temperatures or drying, the parasites do not die, they keep their viability for many years. Young children become infected through contact with infected toys, laundry, and sand from sand pits. The highest risk of developing parasitic diseases is observed in those who prefer to try everything.
And also among those who disregard personal and industrial hygiene. Pork and beef tapeworms (teniasis and teniarin trousers) enter the digestive tract via the mouth with meat products that have not been adequately heat treated. Fish that have not been adequately thermally processed or lightly salted can become infected with the larvae of fluke (the causative agent of opisthorchiasis) and a broad tapeworm. The same goes for fish roe.
In some countries with hot and humid climates, some parasites (filaria and dirofilaria) are transmitted through the bites of mosquitoes, ticks, mosquitoes and fleas. In medicine there is such a name - reinvasion. This is a condition of re-infection with parasites of people who have a habit of biting their nails. Medical statistics say that every person on earth experiences a parasitic invasion at least once in their life, mostly at the age of 14.
Parasites in the human body - symptoms of diseases
Today, medical science has data on 250 types of helminths that parasitize a person's skin, digestive system, and tissues and internal organs. While in the intestines, they cause acute pain of varying intensity and discomfort in the abdominal cavity. On this basis, the patient will experience nausea, vomiting, often poorly shaped stools, or constipation.
Helminths cause the development of diabetes mellitus, arthritis, eye diseases, cholecystitis, cystitis, hepatitis, urethritis, pancreatitis, myocarditis, pneumonia (pneumonia). Now it makes no sense to describe the symptoms of all the diseases listed above, the description of which is available on the relevant pages of the site.
Parasites that get food from their host cause a lack of iron, protein, potassium, amino acids, manganese, vitamins and many other beneficial micro-elements in its body. Against this background, patients complain of general weakness, severe fatigue and headache. Even with good nutrition, these patients lose weight. But sometimes obesity occurs with metabolic disorders that occur with some helminthiasis: beef tapeworm and broadband worm.
Nails and hair dull and break. Persistent poor health associated with deficiency in B vitamins can lead to anxiety, nervousness, and unexplained irritability in adults. And in children, the appropriateness of behavior is determined. Pathogens that parasitize the liver cause poor sleep with frequent morning awakenings. Patients have memory problems, poor assimilation of teaching materials, and communication with others is somewhat difficult.
The cysticercus of the pork tapeworm enters the brain tissue and contributes to the occurrence of convulsive epileptic seizures. There are also violations of language and vision, movement and sensitivity, delirium and hallucination, unconsciousness. The abundance of severe symptoms often leads doctors to suspect the formation of brain tumors.
Patients complain of interruptions (arrhythmias) in the work of the heart, palpitations, itching of the skin with rashes on the surface. The presence of parasite larvae in the lungs leads to the development of obstructive bronchitis and even bronchial asthma. The bronchial tree is often affected by the larvae of the eggs Ascaris and Toxocara, Cysticercus or pork tapeworms.
Less often, parasites infect the inner layers of the skin and cause discomfort in the form of crawling and swarming, scabies. All types of pathogens causing parasitic diseases can actively suppress the protective properties of the host organism. The mechanism of pathology consists in the production of anti-enzymes by parasites that prevent the digestion of food.
On this basis, if there are intestinal infections, acute respiratory diseases, poisoning and colds, there is a real risk of developing oncological pathologies. A clinical blood test shows signs of anemia (anemia), eosinophilia, folic acid, protein, vitamin B12, and iron deficiency.
With various helminthiasis, the symptoms listed above and some other symptoms are observed. It all depends on the location of the parasite. Eye diseases are possible: uveitis, conjunctivitis, damage to the lens and retina, and even complete loss of vision.
Diagnosis of parasites in the human body
Before prescribing treatment, the attending physician examines the patient thoroughly to clarify the diagnosis of the disease. The bacteriological examination of feces in which helminth eggs are found helps him in this; Larvae of pork tapeworms are often isolated in the conjunctival sac. Long-standing adult roundworms, several tens of centimeters long, fly out of the rectum with active physical exertion or exertion.
The eggs and larvae of all types of parasites are found by examining the feces under a microscope. However, there are often difficulties in identifying the causative agent of the disease. They may not be visible in the feces. A biochemical blood test shows the presence of class G immunoglobulin and the state of immunity, which decreases when parasites are affected. However, this cannot serve as an indicator of the type of pathogen.
Therefore, the research result can remain positive for a few years. Of course, the presence in the body of a large accumulation of parasites leads to a significant decrease in immunity, a decrease in the titer of immunoglobulins, or their complete absence. Class M immunoglobulin is found in the acute period of invasion, but within a short time. The presence of this immunoglobulin reliably indicates the presence of parasites in the body.
How to get rid of parasites in the body
The doctor prescribes treatment mainly for patients with obvious signs of infection with parasites: use of unwashed vegetables and (or) fruits, herbs, poorly processed slices, contact with animals, sucking on fingers and nail biting. In any case, the doctor individually prescribes complex treatment, since improper therapy often leads to serious complications.
For example, taking medication against pork tapeworms can fragment the pathogen and spread its parts to different organs and the resulting consequences.
Special preparations ensure that the simplest parasites are eliminated. The treatment regimen is developed individually, taking into account the type of pathogen, possible side effects and the age of the patient. Usually two or more conservative therapies are carried out three weeks apart. Probiotics actively help fight parasites that have entered the body and normalize the active microflora. Natural fermented milk products - fermented baking milk, kefir, and others - also help. Decomposition products of parasites (toxins) are effectively removed from the body by a group of enterosorbents.
If a patient develops rashes and allergic reactions, antihistamines are added to the main treatment.
Folk remedies against parasites in the human body
Traditional medicine has many remedies and recipes for parasites. Our ancestors, who did not have modern medicines, successfully bred helminths with garlic, onions, pumpkin seeds, pumpkin oil, red pepper, ginger, mustard, horseradish, bitter wormwood, cloves, black and Manchu nuts, avran, tansy, pomegranate bark, chanterelles (Mushrooms), carrots and strawberries.
Calendula, saussurea, currant leaves, lespedets, pickled cabbage, caraway and dill seeds, strawberries and birch leaves help to get rid of the simplest parasites.
Traditional medicine recipes for parasites
- Recipe No. 1.Chop a medium-sized onion, pour a glass of boiling water into a thermos and let it rest for 12 hours, then filter. Drink all of its contents the next morning on an empty stomach.
- Recipe No. 2.Mix 100 g of crushed pumpkin seeds with 100 g of sugar. Take orally in the morning before breakfast for 3 tbsp. Spoon the mixture and immediately drink 3 tbsp. Spoons of castor oil.
- Recipe number 3.Pour a glass of boiling water over 2 tbsp. Tablespoons of crushed dry wormwood leaves, leave for three hours, strain. Treat for 10 days in a row and take 3 teaspoons in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Recipe No. 4.It is used in patients with sensitive stomachs. Insist 6 hours taken in 2 tbsp. Tablespoons of chamomile and sea buckthorn bark in a glass of boiling water. Filter and drink the entire infusion in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Recipe No. 5.Mix 1 tsp. Oak bark, sea buckthorn, tansy and chamomile medicinal. Insist the mixture in half a liter of boiling water for 6 hours. Filter and drink 100 ml in the morning before breakfast. Treatment in all cases is long - from 40 to 90 days. Despite the fact that the effectiveness of herbal products is less than that of pharmaceutical preparations, they improve the functioning of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, the general condition of the patient and do not allow re-infection. Choleretic herbs remove parasites from the gallbladder and ducts.
- Recipe No. 6.Is used for breeding protozoa. 1 tablespoon. l. Pour chopped saussurea with a glass of boiling water, leave for three hours and filter. 1 tablespoon. l. 3 r / d before a meal in 30-40 minutes.
- Recipe No. 7.Also made from protozoa. The composition contains equal parts crushed herbs from peppermint and cinquefoil, elecampane root and sandy immortelle flowers. We insist for 3 hours (2 tablespoons of the mixture in 500 ml of boiling water). ⅓ cup three times a day for a month before meals for 1 hour.
If there is no complete healing, repeat the course of therapy.